A B E L L     P l a n e t a r y     N e b u l a


Abell-50,     (NGC6742)


        created: 12-02-2017.             revised: 09-19-2021.

Hello!

Planetary Nebulae are clouds of interstellar matter, thin but widespread shells of gas and dust. They mark where a star is slowly dying, and is ejecting material into interstellar space during its later life stages. On cosmic timescales, planetary nebulae undergo rapid changes and have only comparatively short lifetimes, so that those we observe are all relatively young objects. Planetary nebulae usually have only a few thousand years before they fade and spread their matter into the interstellar environment.



American astrophysicist George Abell, (1927 - 1983), graduated from from the California Institute of Technology.
(B.S. in 1951, M.S. in 1952, and Ph.D. in 1957.)

Using the Palomar 48-inch Schmidt telescope, Abell compiled a catalog of very old, faint planetary nebula, which was first published in 1955 titled "Properties of Some Old Planetary Nebula", and expanded several times with the final version in 1966. Abell's catalog is recognized as an excellent compilation of faint, challenging planetaries for the observer with access to large telescopes and dark skies. For the most part, due to being very old, large, and having a very low surface brightness, they can be difficult to observe. O-III filters can be a big help, allowing the nebula to 'pop' from the dimmed field. (though sometimes it can actually make the nebula harder to see).

         



Amatuer Astronomer Alvin Huey has a guidebook available on his website faintfuzzies:
that contains finder charts along with CCD images and visual observations of all the Abell Planetary nebula.



Here's a few interesting links:

Steve Gottlieb's Adventures - Planetary Nebula:
Uwe Glahn (visual descriptions and images)
Reiner Vogel (downlod observing guide)


Below is my personal observation list of the 'Abell Planetary Nebulas'.

I currently have 27 out of 82 objects visible from my Pittsburgh, PA latitude of around +40.
All of my images were taken using a StellaCam-3 peltier-cooled deepsky video camera. Each image has minimal processing applied to it: brightness/contrast adjusted, image rotated to match that of Alvin Huey's book, and resized to have the same general field size across images. The 'Negative' image is a little more heavily processed to help bring out the nebula.
Most of these are very faint, even with long exposures and using a O-III filter.



Vorontsov-Velyaminov planetary nebula classification type:
1 Stellar Image   
2 Smooth disk (a, brighter toward center; b, uniform brightness; c, traces of a ring structure)   
3 Irregular disk (a, very irregular brightness distribution; b, traces of ring structure)   
4 Ring structure   
5 Irregular form, similar to a diffuse nebula   
6 Anomalous form   

Index:

Arp Object NGC / IC Constellation
Abell-2: Cassiopeia
Abell-3: Cassiopeia
Abell-4: Perseus
Abell-5: Perseus
Abell-8: Auriga
Abell-10: Orion
Abell-12: Orion
Abell-13: Orion
Abell-21: Gemini
Abell-22: Canis Minor
Abell-24: Canis Minor
Abell-39: Hercules
Abell-43: Ophiuchus
Abell-50: NGC6742 Draco
Abell-54: Vulpecula
Abell-55: Aquila
Abell-57: Vulpecula
Abell-68: Vulpecula
Abell-70: Aquila
Abell-72: Delphinus
Abell-74: Vulpecula
Abell-75: Cepheus
Abell-78: Cygnus
Abell-79: Lacerta
Abell-81: Cepheus
Abell-82: Cassiopeia
Abell-84: Cassiopeia


Abell Planetary Nebula Observations:



Abell-2 (planetary nebula) - 09/23/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Cassiopeia    Type-2c    Mag+16.3    Size 33x29
      

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Abell-2 (planetary nebula) - 10/21/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Cassiopeia    Type-2c    Mag+16.3    Size 33x29
      

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Abell-3 (planetary nebula) - 11/07/2021 - 8" SCT f6.3, ASI294MC @ 60 seconds for 30 minutes (L-eNhance)
Cassiopeia    Type-3b    Mag+18.2    Size 60x60
      

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Abell-4 (planetary nebula) and Galaxy CGCG539-91 - 10/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Perseus    Type-3b    Mag+16.7    Size 22x22
      

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Abell-5 (planetary nebula) - 10/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Perseus    Type-4    Mag+16    Size 134x121
      

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Abell-8 (planetary nebula) - 10/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Auriga    Type-2b    Mag+16.6    Size 62x62
      

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Abell-10 (planetary nebula) - 10/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Orion    Type-3    Mag+15.2    Size 35x32
      

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Abell-12 (planetary nebula) - 10/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Orion    Type-2b    Mag+13.9    Size 37x37
      

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Abell-13 (planetary nebula) - 10/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Orion    Type-4    Mag+16    Size 174x134
      

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Abell-21 (planetary nebula) - 10/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Gemini    Type-6    Mag+11.3    Size 744x509
      

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Abell-22 (planetary nebula) - 10/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Canis Minor    Type-3    Mag+15.4    Size 105x68
      

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Abell-24 (planetary nebula) - 10/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Canis Minor    Type-4    Mag+13.6    Size 265x180
      

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Abell-39 (planetary nebula) - 09/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 4 minutes (O-III filter)
Hercules    Type-2c    Mag+13.79    Size 170x170
      

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Abell-43 (planetary nebula) - 09/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Ophiuchus    Type-2c    Mag+14.7    Size 80x74
      

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Abell-50
NGC6742 (planetary nebula) - 08/24/2014 - 8" SCT f5, StellaCam-3 @ 25 seconds
Draco    Type-2c    Mag+15.0    Size 31x30


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Abell-50 (planetary nebula) - 09/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Draco    Type-2c    Mag+15.0    Size 31x30
      

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Abell-54 (planetary nebula) - 09/10/2021 - 14" SCT f6.3, Fork Wedge, ASI294MC @ 180 seconds for 9 minutes (L-eNhance)
Vulpecula    Type-2b    Mag+17.1    Size 67x47
      

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Abell-55 (planetary nebula) - 09/23/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Aquila    Type-3    Mag+15.4    Size 47x32
      

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Abell-57 (planetary nebula) - 09/10/2021 - 14" SCT f6.3, Fork Wedge, ASI294MC @ 60 seconds for 9 minutes (L-eNhance)
Vulpecula    Type-3b    Mag+14.7    Size 40x34
      

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Abell-68 (planetary nebula) - 09/10/2021 - 14" SCT f6.3, Fork Wedge, ASI294MC @ 60 seconds for 9 minutes (L-eNhance)
Vulpecula    Type-3    Mag+15.2    Size 40x37
      

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Abell-70 (planetary nebula) - 09/05/2018 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 4 minutes (O-III filter)
Aquila    Type-4    Mag+14.3    Size 45x40
      

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Abell-72 (planetary nebula) - 09/23/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Delphinus    Type-3b    Mag+14.6    Size 134x121
      

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Abell-74 (planetary nebula) - 09/10/2021 - 14" SCT f6.3, Fork Wedge, ASI294MC @ 120 seconds for 10 minutes (L-eNhance)
Vulpecula    Type-2    Mag+12.2    Size 871x791
      

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Abell-75 (planetary nebula) - 09/23/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Cepheus    Type-3b    Mag+17.0    Size 67x47
      

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Abell-75 (planetary nebula) - 10/20/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Cepheus    Type-3b    Mag+17.0    Size 67x47
      

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Abell-78 (planetary nebula) - 09/23/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Cygnus    Type-4    Mag+16.0    Size 113x88
      

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Abell-79 (planetary nebula) - 09/23/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Lacerta    Type-4(3)    Mag+15.8    Size 99x99
      

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Abell-81 (planetary nebula) - 09/23/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Cepheus    Type-4    Mag+14.8    Size 34x31
      

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Abell-81 (planetary nebula) - 10/20/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (no filter)
Cepheus    Type-4    Mag+14.8    Size 34x31
      

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Abell-82 (planetary nebula) - 09/23/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Cassiopeia    Type-3b    Mag+15.2    Size 94x94
      

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Abell-84 (planetary nebula) - 09/23/2017 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 3 minutes (O-III filter)
Cassiopeia    Type-3b    Mag+14.4    Size 147x114
      

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Hope you enjoyed the visit. Come again soon!
Larry McHenry,   Pittsburgh, PA. USA

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