Local   Group   Tour    

Sketches & Video Capture images of the Local Group of Galaxies!
            created: 01-17-2014             revised: 11-21-2016.


M31 - 10/08/2010 - Samsung SDC-435 & 55mm CCTV lens, 8 seconds


One of my favorite 'Deep Sky' magazines was the Fall 1984 issue with a detailed article by Brian Skiff on observing the Great Andromeda Galaxy's internal open and globular clusters and M31's attendant satellite galaxies. (see page 8).
I've held on to this issue over the years, wanting someday to do an observing project based on it.

Then very recently, 'Sky and Telescope' came out with several interesting articles on similar topics: November 2013 issue - "Exploring Messier 31" by Alan Whitman, and December 2013 issue - "Exploring the Triangulum Galaxy" by Ted Forte, and "Local Group Dwarf Galaxies" by Sue French.
Over the New Year, I sat down and compared the finder charts of these very fine articles with what I've video-captured. I was able to identify a number of extra-galactic globular clusters and H-II regions in M31 & M33, along with having several additional Local Group members video-imaged.
Thus, this page,,,,, I invite you to sit back and enjoy my images and additional information perused from the web:


From Wikipedia: "The Local Group":
is the group of galaxies that includes the Milky Way among others. It comprises more than 54 galaxies, counting dwarf galaxies. The two most massive members of the group are Milky Way and Andromeda Galaxy. These two spiral galaxies each have a system of satellite galaxies.

Milky Way's satellite system (see 'Near' chart below) consists of Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy, Large Magellanic Cloud, Small Magellanic Cloud, Canis Major Dwarf, Ursa Minor Dwarf, Draco Dwarf, Carina Dwarf, Sextans Dwarf, Sculptor Dwarf, Fornax Dwarf, Leo I, Leo II, and Ursa Major I Dwarf and the Ursa Major II Dwarf.

Local Group - Near

Chart by Richard Powell

Andromeda's satellite system consists of M32, M110, NGC 147, NGC 185, And I, And II, And III, And IV, And V, Pegasus dSph (aka And VI), Cassiopeia Dwarf (aka And VII), And VIII, And IX, And X, And XI, And XII, And XIII, And XIV, And XV, And XVI, And XVII, And XVIII, And XIX, and And XX.

The Triangulum Galaxy, the third largest and only unbarred spiral galaxy in the Local Group.

The other members of the group include IC 10, Leo A, Cetus Dwarf, Pegasus Dwarf Irregular, Aquarius Dwarf, and the Sagittarius Dwarf Irregular. (see the complete list of galaxies below)

Local Group - Far

Chart by Richard Powell





M31 - 08/31/1984 - 10" Dob f5.6, 27mm 52x
           




M31 - 10/08/2010 - 80mm BOSMA Refractor f6.3, StellaCam-II 8 seconds     - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 45 seconds
   




M31 - 09/10/2015 - 80mm f5.5 Refractor, StellaCam-3 @ 45 seconds




M31 (globular clusters)
10/08/2010 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 and .5 focal reducer @ 45 seconds

(G222 & G230 are the faintest, both at Mag +15.2)




NGC206 (A78: M31 OB-Association) - 09/10/2015 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 45 seconds





M32 (galaxy) - 09/15/2009 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-II, 8 seconds      - 09/25/1989 - 8" Dob f4.5, 8mm 143x
       


M32 (galaxy & globular clusters)
08/25/2014 - 8" SCT f5, StellaCam-3, @ 30 seconds
   



M110 (galaxy) - 09/02/2008 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-EX, 2.5 seconds      - 09/25/1989 - 8" Dob f4.5, 16mm 71x
       



M110 (NGC205 - galaxy & globular clusters)
08/25/2014 - 8" SCT f5, StellaCam-3, @ 30 seconds
   



NGC147 (galaxy) - 11/01/2013 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 @ 20 seconds




NGC185 (galaxy) - 11/01/2013 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 @ 20 seconds







M33 (galaxy) "The Pinwheel Galaxy"
- 10/22/1989 - 8" Dob f4.5, 16mm 57x
           


M33 (galaxy)
08/26/2011 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3, @ 45 seconds           08/29/2016 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 180 seconds
   


M33 (H-II star forming regions)
08/26/2011 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 and .5 focal reducer @ 45 seconds








NGC55 (galaxy & globular clusters)) - 11/13/2015 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 30 seconds
   



NGC404 (galaxy) - 10/08/2010 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3, 45 seconds



NGC1560 (galaxy) - 09/11/2012 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 8 seconds



NGC1569 (galaxy) - 09/11/2012 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 8 seconds



NGC3109 (galaxy) - 05/24/2014 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 35 seconds



NGC 6822 (galaxy) 'Barnards Galaxy' - 09/04/2013 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 @ 25 seconds


NGC6822 (galaxy) - 08/29/2016 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 180 seconds        (Associations, Globular Clusters and H-II Regions)
    



SagDIG - (galaxy) - 08/06/2016 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3, 180 seconds




IC10 (galaxy) - 06/26/2014 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 @ 30 seconds
      




IC1613 (galaxy) - 09/01/2016 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 120 seconds




UGC8091 (galaxy) - 05/24/2014 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 35 seconds




Andromeda-VI (galaxy) - 09/04/2016 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 120 seconds





Andromeda-VII (galaxy) - 09/04/2016 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3 @ 120 seconds





Aquarius Dwarf (galaxy) - 09/02/2016 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3, @ 120 seconds





Pegasus Dwarf (galaxy) - 08/25/2014 - 8" SCT f5, StellaCam-3, @ 30 seconds




Coma Berenices Dwarf (galaxy) - 05/24/2014 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 35 seconds



Leo-A (galaxy) - 05/24/2014 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 35 seconds



Leo-I (galaxy) - 05/24/2014 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 35 seconds



Leo-II (galaxy) - 05/24/2014 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 35 seconds



Leo-T (galaxy) - 05/24/2014 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 35 seconds



Sextans-A (galaxy) - 05/24/2014 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 35 seconds
      


Sextans-B (galaxy) - 05/24/2014 - 6" RC f5, StellaCam-3 35 seconds



Draco Dwarf - (galaxy) - 08/06/2016 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3, 180 seconds



Ursa Minor - (galaxy) - 08/06/2016 - 8" SCT f6.3, StellaCam-3, 180 seconds






Complete List of Local Group Galaxies

by Richard Powell
          1               2       3        4         5       6           7             8
____________________________________________________________________________________________
   Name of Galaxy     | Galactic coords|Distance |Diameter| Galaxy   | Other      | Year of
                      |   l      b   |  (kly)  |  (kly) |  Type    | Name       |Discovery
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Milky Way                 0       0        0        90     SBbc                     prehist.
Sagittarius Dwarf         5.6   -14.1     787      20     dSph                      1994
Ursa Major II           152.5   +37.4    10015      1     dSph                      2006
Coma Berenices Dwarf    241.9   +83.6    14413      1     dSph                      2006
Large Magellanic Cloud  280.5   -32.9    1655      25     SBm         ESO 56-115   prehist.
Small Magellanic Cloud  302.8   -44.3    19515     15     SBm         NGC 292      prehist.
Botes Dwarf            358.0   +69.6    1979       2     dSph                      2006
Ursa Minor Dwarf        105.0   +44.8    21510      2     dSph        DDO 199       1954
Sculptor Dwarf          287.5   -83.2    25813      3     dSph        ESO 351-30    1937
Draco Dwarf              86.4   +34.7    26720      2     dSph        DDO 208       1954
Sextans Dwarf           243.4   +42.2    28013      3     dSph        PGC 88608     1990
Ursa Major I            159.4   +54.4    325?        3?    dSph                      2005
Carina Dwarf            260.1   -22.2    32916      2     dSph        PGC 19441     1977
Fornax Dwarf            237.1   -65.7    45026      5     dSph        ESO 356-04    1938
Hercules Dwarf           28.7   +36.9    45741      4     dSph                      2006
Canes Venatici II       113.6   +82.7    48946      2     dSph                      2006
Leo IV                  265.4   +56.5    52247      2     dSph                      2006
Leo II                  220.2   +67.2    66939      3     dSph        DDO 93        1950
Canes Venatici I         74.3   +79.8    71882      6     dSph                      2006
Leo I                   226.0   +49.1    815100     3     dSph        DDO 74        1950
Leo T                   214.9   +43.7   136065      2     dIrr/dSph                 2007
Phoenix Dwarf           272.2   -68.9   1450100     2     dIrr/dSph   ESO 245-7     1976
NGC 6822                 25.3   -18.4   152085      8     Irr         DDO 209       1884
NGC 185                 120.8   -14.5   201060      8     dSph/dE3p   UGC 396       1787
Andromeda II            128.9   -29.2   216540      3     dSph        PGC 4601      1970
Leo A                   196.9   +52.4   2250325     4     dIrr        DDO 69       c1940
IC 1613                 129.8   -60.6   236550     10     Irr         DDO 8        c1890
Andromeda X             125.8   -18.0   2290120     5     dSph                      2006
NGC 147                 119.8   -14.3   237050     10     dSph/dE5    DDO 3        c1830
Andromeda III           119.3   -26.2   245050      3     dSph        PGC 2121      1970
Andromeda VII           109.5   -10.0   246595      2     dSph        PGC 2807155   1999
Cetus Dwarf             101.4   -72.8   248565      3     dSph        PGC 3097691   1999
Andromeda IX            123.2   -19.7   250575      4     dSph                      2004
Andromeda I             121.7   -24.9   252060      2     dSph        PGC 2666      1970
LGS 3                   126.8   -40.9   252070      2     dIrr/dSph   Pisces Dwarf  1978
Andromeda V             126.2   -15.1   256080      2     dSph        PGC 3097824   1998
Andromeda Galaxy, M31   121.2   -21.6   256050    140     Sb          NGC 224       c964
Andromeda XI            121.7   -29.1   2560325     2     dSph                      2006
Andromeda XII           122.0   -28.5   2560325     2     dSph                      2006
Andromeda XIII          123.0   -29.9   2560325     2     dSph                      2006
Andromeda VI            106.1   -36.3   259550      3     dSph        PGC 2807158   1998
M32                     121.2   -22.0   2625115     8     dE2         NGC 221       1749
M110                    120.7   -21.7   269080     15     dSph/dE5    NGC 205       1773
IC 10                   119.0    -3.3   2690165     8     dIrr        UGC 192      c1890
Triangulum Galaxy, M33  133.6   -31.3   273555     55     Sc          NGC 598       1654
Tucana Dwarf            322.9   -47.4   2870130     2     dSph        PGC 69519     1990
Pegasus Dwarf            94.8   -43.5   300080      6     dIrr/dSph   DDO 216         ?
WLM                      75.9   -73.6   302080     10     Irr         DDO 221       1909
Aquarius Dwarf           34.0   -31.3   3345100     3     dIrr/dSph   DDO 210       1959
SagDIG                   21.1   -16.3   3460520     3     dIrr        ESO 594-4     1977
Antlia Dwarf            263.1   +22.3   4030210     3     dIrr/dSph   PGC 29194     1997
NGC 3109                262.1   +23.1   4075540    25     Irr         DDO 236      c1836
Sextans A               246.2   +39.9   4350120    10     dIrr        DDO 75          ?
Sextans B               233.2   +43.8   4385325     8     dIrr        DDO 70          ?
Additional possible members: NGC404, NGC1560, NGC1569



Neat links:
Richard Powell's "Atlas of the Universe"
Deep Sky - Downloadable Issues
"Digging Deep in M33" by Alan Whitman (PDF)
Alvin Huey's "The Local Group" (PDF)
"Atlas of the Andromeda Galaxy", by Paul Hodge
Cloudy Nights - "Small Wonders: Deep Andromeda", by Tom Trusock

Larry's home webportal

You may E-mail me at: lsmch@comcast.net


This is it. Hope you enjoyed the visit. Come again soon!